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  kuelap Natives observations of the Marvelous Spatuletail  
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  kuelap Description of Lodge and Photos  
  kuelap History of Choctamal  
  kuelap Tours  
  kuelap Distances from Choctamal MS Lodge to...  
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Birds of our zone


Here is a list of birds you would expect to see on your trip to this zone, -- compiled by Athanas, Campbell, and Illanes.

Hooded Tinamou (Nothocercus nigrocapillus) - Tataupa Tinamou (Crypturellus tataupa) (H)
Andean Tinamou (Nothoprocta pentlandii) - We nearly trod on one in arid scrub above San Marcos...

Peruvian Pelican (Pelecanus thagus)

Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Striated Heron (Butorides striatus)
Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Puna Ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi) - One individual flew over us on the Cajamarca-Celendin road - later I saw a flock of distant ibises that were presumably the same species.

Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture (Cathartes melambrotus) - One soaring over us below Afluente at around 1200 m. Seems like an unusually high elevation for this species...

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)
Pearl Kite (Gampsonyx swainsonii) - A few perched on wires between Macará and Olmos.
Harris's Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)
Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
Variable Hawk (Buteo polyosoma)

Mountain Caracara (Phalcoboenus megalopterus) - Common in highlands along the Cajamarca-Celendin road.
Crested Caracara (Caracara cheriway)
Laughing Falcon (Herpetotheres cachinnans) (H)
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis) - I saw one soar over the ridge along the Río Chonta.

White-winged Guan (Penelope albipennis) - This was our main target in Quebrada Limón. We eventually saw a group of 2-3 birds fairly well. This bird is considered to be in critical danger of extinction, though a captive breeding program has been initiated and seems to be going well.

Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)

Peruvian Thick-knee (Burhinus superciliaris) - Ian managed to get the spotlight on a flying bird while we were in the car one evening near Olmos.

Andean Lapwing (Vanellus resplendens)

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)

Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus)
Andean Gull (Larus serranus)

Rock Dove (feral) (Columba livia)
Band-tailed Pigeon (Columba fasciata)
Peruvian Pigeon (Columba oenops) - Nice looks of flying and perched birds from the bridge in Balsas.
Plumbeous Pigeon (Columba plumbea) (H)
Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculata)
Pacific Dove (Zenaida meloda)
Ecuadorian Ground-Dove (Columbina buckleyi)
Croaking Ground-Dove (Columbina cruziana)
Bare-faced Ground-Dove (Metriopelia ceciliae) - One of our favorites of the trip! We saw several while climbing up the endless east side of the Marañon canyon.
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)

Military Macaw (Ara militaris) - This was a surprise! We saw 15 flying birds on the road we birded NW of Tamborapa. While we didn't get any color on it, the call was consistent with Military, and no other species should occur here.
Red-masked Parakeet (Aratinga erythrogenys) - Seen and heard regularly in the coastal lowlands and in the Marañon valley.
White-eyed Parakeet (Aratinga leucophthalmus)
Pacific Parrotlet (Forpus coelestis)
Yellow-faced Parrotlet (Forpus xanthops) - Several small flocks in nice desert habitat on the east side of the Marañon Canyon above Balsas.
Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus)
Scaly-naped Parrot (Amazona mercenaria) (H)

Squirrel Cuckoo (Piaya cayana)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)
Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia)

West Peruvian Screech-Owl (Otus roboratus) - Our local guide knew of a day roost in Quebrada Limon. Great looks in broad daylight.
Peruvian Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium peruanum)
Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia)
Striped Owl (Pseudoscops clamator) - Only Iain managed to get a decent look at this one near the guan breeding center north of Olmos.

Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)
Scrub Nightjar (Caprimulgus anthonyi) - A few near the guan center. We may have seen this at Rafán too, but didn't see it well enough to distinguish it from Band-winged Nightjar which also occurs in the area.

Gray-chinned Hermit (Phaethornis griseogularis) - One in arid scrub NW of Tamborapa. I usually see this one in humid forest, so it seemed strange to find it here...
Green-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera ludovicae)
Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus)
Sparkling Violet-ear (Colibri coruscans)
Violet-headed Hummingbird (Klais guimeti)
Spot-throated Hummingbird (Leucippus taczanowskii) - Quite common throughout the Marañon drainage.
White-bellied Hummingbird (Leucippus chionogaster) - Very common in the Utcubamba valley, especially around flowering Inga trees.
Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia)
Andean Emerald (Agyrtria franciae)
Ecuadorian Piedtail (Phlogophilus hemileucurus) - One responded well to playback above Afluente.
Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)
Chestnut-breasted Coronet (Boissonneaua matthewsii)
Shining Sunbeam (Aglaeactis cupripennis)
Mountain Velvetbreast (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
Bronzy Inca (Coeligena coeligena)
Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)
Great Sapphirewing (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
Giant Hummingbird (Patagona gigas) - Several along the Río Chonta NW of Cajamarca.
Purple-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus viola) (?) - I thought I saw one at the Spatuletail site at Pomacochas, but it may not occur in this area. I only saw it briefly so it should be regarded as questionable.
Royal Sunangel (Heliangelus regalis) - Great looks at a male coming to some yellow flowers at the traditional site near the owlet ridge below Abra Patricia.
Emerald-bellied Puffleg (Eriocnemis alinae) - Several seen well right at the pass at Abra Patricia.
Black-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia victoriae)
Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina)
Coppery Metaltail (Metallura theresiae) - One female seen in a forest patch on the east side of Abra Barro Negro.
Black Metaltail (Metallura phoebe) - One seen just after the Gray-bellied Comet along the Río Chonta, and another seen the next day along the road from Cajamarca to Celendín.
Gray-bellied Comet (Taphrolesbia griseiventris) - One of the birds of the trip! 2 birds seen extremely well at a known side along the Río Chonta northwest of Cajamarca.
Long-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus kingi)
Marvelous Spatuletail (Loddigesia mirabilis) - Well, we saw it... too bad we didn't get a male. We saw at least three different females. Two were at the lower bridge over the Río Chido below Pomacochas, the third was near a shop above the upper bridge. (they would have seen males at Choctamal)
Oasis Hummingbird (Rhodopis vesper) - At least one female (or eclipse male) west of Abra Porculla in some degraded arid scrub.
Peruvian Sheartail (Thaumastura cora) - Several, including one stunning male, at Rafán.
Short-tailed Woodstar (Myrmia micrura) - A few in the arid coastal lowlands. Never a full adult male, though. For some reason they are very hard to come by.

Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus)
Crested Quetzal (Pharomachrus antisianus) (H)
Golden-headed Quetzal (Pharomachrus auriceps)

Ringed Kingfisher (Ceryle torquata)
Green Kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana)

Lemon-throated Barbet (Eubucco richardsoni) - One male in a mixed flock above Aluente. We saw this very well, it was certainly not a Versicolored Barbet, which most other groups find in this area.

Emerald Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus)
Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan (Andigena hypoglauca) (H)
Black-mandibled Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus) (H)

Speckle-chested Piculet (Picumnus steindachneri) - One in gallery forest along the Río Utcubamba NW of Chachapoyas. Another in quite different habitat in humid cloud forest at Abra Patricia.
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker (Veniliornis callonotus)
Smoky-brown Woodpecker (Veniliornis fumigatus)
Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus)
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (Piculus rivolii)
Black-necked Woodpecker (Colaptes atricollis) - A pair in some strange rock formations between Cajamarca and San Marcos.
Andean Flicker (Colaptes rupicola)
Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus) (H)

Coastal Miner (Geositta peruviana) - Several strutting around in the sand around Rafán.
White-winged Cinclodes (Cinclodes atacamensis) - Around 4 of this handsome species along the Río Chonta NW of Cajamarca.
Pale-legged Hornero (Furnarius leucopus) - AKA Pacific Hornero.
Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail (Leptasthenura pileata) - One seen along the Río Chonta, several more in forest patches between Cajamarca and Celendín.
Rufous Spinetail (Synallaxis unirufa) (H)
Azara's Spinetail (Synallaxis azarae)
Dark-breasted Spinetail (Synallaxis albigularis)
Marañon Spinetail (Synallaxis maranonica) - Just one seen briefly NW of Tamborapa. They certainly were not vocal the morning we were there.
Chinchipe Spinetail (Synallaxis chinchipensis) - Quite common in arid scrub around Jaén and Tamborapa.
Great Spinetail (Siptornopsis hypochondriacus) - Terrific views of a responsive pair at a well-known site NW of San Marcos.
Baron's Spinetail (Cranioleuca baroni) - Seen in two quite different habitats. First in temperate forest patches between Cajamarca and Celendín, then in scrub next to the Río Utcubamba.
Many-striped Canastero (Asthenes flammulata)
Russet-mantled Softtail (Phacellodomus berlepschi) - We lucked out on this one, immediately finding a vocal pair in a mixed flock at its known site in a forest patch SW of Leymebamba.
Common Thornbird (Phacellodomus rufifrons) - Common in woodland and scrub around Jaén and Tamborapa. These represent an isolated race (peruvianus) restricted to lower elevations in the Marañon Valley.
Chestnut-backed Thornbird (Phacellodomus dorsalis) - It took a bit of effort but we finally located a pair just up the road from where we saw the Gray-winged Inca-Finches on the west side of the Marañon Canyon above Balsas.
Streaked Xenops (Xenops rutilans)
Montane Foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
Streaked Tuftedcheek (Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii)
Black-billed Treehunter (Thripadectes melanorhynchus)
Lineated Foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla subalaris) (H)
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner (Philydor rufus)

Plain-brown Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
Olive-backed Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus triangularis)
Streak-headed Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
Montane Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
Red-billed Scythebill (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris)

Collared Antshrike (Sakesphorus bernardi) - Common in arid areas on the west slope. José also saw one in the Marañon valley north of Jaén.
Lined Antshrike (Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus)
Uniform Antshrike (Thamnophilus unicolor)
Maranon Slaty-Antshrike (Thamnophilus leucogaster) - Fairly common in arid woodland in the Marañon valley N of Jaén.
Rufous-capped Antshrike (Thamnophilus ruficapillus) - A nice pair seen in scrubby forest on the west side of Abra Barro Negro.
Yellow-breasted Antwren (Herpsilochmus axillaris)
Long-tailed Antbird (Drymophila caudata)
Blackish Antbird (Cercomacra nigrescens)

Barred Antthrush (Chamaeza mollissima) (H)
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla) (H)
Rusty-tinged Antpitta (Grallaria przewalskii) (H) - So close... We played with one for a while on a trail at Abra Patricia, and Iain thought he saw its beak at one point.
Rufous Antpitta (Grallaria rufula) - Good looks at two along the Cajamarca-Celendin road. This race, cajamarcae, probably represents a distinct species.
Chestnut Antpitta (Grallaria blakei) (H) - Heard along the same trail as our Rusty-tinged Antpitta, but unresposive.

Elegant Crescent-chest (Melanopareia elegans) - One seen along the road up to the Piura Chat-Tyrant site west of Abra Porculla.
Marañon Crescent-chest (Melanopareia maranonica) - Iain's favorite bird of the trip, and it truly is stunning. We saw one north of Jaén and another one near Tamborapa.
Rufous-vented Tapaculo (Scytalopus femoralis) - Usually called Peruvian Rufous-vented Tapaculo. We found a resposive individual along a trail near the owlet ridge below Abra Patricia.
White-crowned Tapaculo (Scytalopus atratus) (H)

Peruvian Plantcutter (Phytotoma raimondii) - One seen at Batán Grande, and several more seen the following morning at Rafán. This species is considered endangered since it is known from only a few sites of high fragmented forest, most of which is unprotected.

Red-crested Cotinga (Ampelion rubrocristata)
Green-and-black Fruiteater (Pipreola riefferii)
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (Pyroderus scutatus) - One of our favorites. We saw a pair feeding at a fruiting tree with the next two species just above Afluente.
Amazonian Umbrellabird (Cephalopterus ornatus) - An impressive male seen with the fruitcrows.
Andean Cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruviana)

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet (Camptostoma obsoletum)
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet (Phaeomyias murina) - The races we saw are sometimes split as Tumbesian Tyrannulet (e.g. in the Ecuador field guide).
Pacific Elaenia (Myiopagis subplacens) - Several in Quebrada Limon.
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet (Pseudelaenia leucospodia) - A drab little flycatcher with a neat punk "hairdo". Common in scrub in the arid coastal plain.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)
White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps)
Highland Elaenia (Elaenia obscura)
Sierran Elaenia (Elaenia pallatangae)
Torrent Tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea) - Oddly, the only place we saw this one was along the Río Chonta, where it was very common.
Streak-necked Flycatcher (Mionectes striaticollis)
Inca Flycatcher (Leptopogon taczanowskii) - Numerous sightings of this Peruvian endemic in the Abra Patricia area.
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes gualaquizae) - Three birds responding to playback near Afluente.
Black-capped Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
Ashy-headed Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias cinereiceps)
"Golden-faced" Tyrannulet (Zimmerius sp. (chrysops?)) - Common from Afluente up to around the owlet ridge. There's a bit of confusion here. These birds certainly look like Golden-faced Tyrannulets, but they call very differently. Their calls are similar to those of race flavidifrons, which is sometimes split as Loja Tyrannulet, but it isn't quite the same.  Some people think these birds are Peruvian Tyrannulets. I am not familiar with that species, but Peruvian Tyrannulets are supposed to have yellow underparts whereas these birds showed no trace of yellow. For the moment I am calling them Golden-faced but they could represent some undescribed taxon.
White-tailed Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus poecilocercus) (H)
Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus minor) (H)
White-banded Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus stictopterus)
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes nigrocristatus) - A spectacular one near the Río Chonta. In good plumage they are stunning.
Tufted Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes parulus)
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant (Euscarthmus meloryphus)
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant (Lophotriccus pileatus)
Lulu's Tody-Tyrant (Poecilotriccus luluae) - Recently split from Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant. They were quite common in and near bamboo around Abra Patricia.
Common Tody-Flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Flavescent Flycatcher (Myiophobus flavicans)
Bran-colored Flycatcher (Myiophobus fasciatus)
Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea)
Cliff Flycatcher (Hirundinea ferruginea)
Smoke-colored Pewee (Contopus fumigatus)
Tropical Pewee (Contopus cinereus) - The race we saw are sometimes regarded as a seperate species, Tumbes Pewee.
Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
Piura Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca piurae) - Our main target in the Abra Porculla area. We eventually found it at a known site in partially disturbed montane scrub west of the pass. The whole area has been badly trashed. This species may be in serious trouble.
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis)
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca fumicolor)
White-browed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca leucophrys) - Several seen in forest patches east and west of Cajamarca.
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes striaticollis) (H)
Smoky Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes fumigatus) (H)
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant (Agriornis montana)
White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant (Agriornis andicola) (?) - I may have seen one of these between Cajamarca and San Marcos, but I did not get close enough to be 100% sure. The habitat certainly seemed good for it.
Rufous-webbed Tyrant (Polioxolmis rufipennis) - One seen in a cow pasture along the Cajamarca-Celendin road.
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant (Muscigralla brevicauda) - A few near Rafán.
Rufous-tailed Tyrant (Knipolegus poecilurus)
White-winged Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus aterrimus) - One at the Great Spinetail site NW of San Marcos. At or near the northern limit of its range.
Rufous Flycatcher (Myiarchus semirufus) - We saw a pair at Rafán, but nowhere else. If it requires the same sort of habitat as the plantcutter, perhaps it should be considered threatened as well.
Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher (Myiarchus phaeocephalus) - Iain saw one in Quebrada Limón.
Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus) - Several seen in the Marañon valley north of Jaén. This species will probably turn up in Ecuador before long.
Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)
Boat-billed Flycatcher (Megarynchus pitangua)
Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)
Lemon-browed Flycatcher (Conopias cinchoneti)
Golden-crowned Flycatcher (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
Baird's Flycatcher (Myiodynastes bairdii) - Fairly common in the arid coastal lowlands.
Streaked Flycatcher (Myiodynastes maculatus)
Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) - One seen right near the pass at Abra Patricia. Maybe it was lost...
Barred Becard (Pachyramphus versicolor)

Gray-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea)
Tumbes Swallow (Tachycineta stolzmanni) - One of the best surprises of the trip. We found a nesting pair just outside of Piura on the road to Olmos. They were nesting in hollow bamboo beams of an unfinished building. This species is very hard to find throughout its small range.
Blue-and-white Swallow (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
Brown-bellied Swallow (Notiochelidon murina)
White-banded Swallow (Atticora fasciata)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Chestnut-collared Swallow (Petrochelidon rufocollaris) - We saw a big flock over the village of Rafán.
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

White-capped Dipper (Cinclus leucocephalus)

Fasciated Wren (Campylorhynchus fasciatus) - A common and noisy bird west of the Andes and in the lower parts of the Marañon valley.
Gray-mantled Wren (Odontorchilus branickii)
Sharpe's Wren (Cinnycerthia olivascens) - Often called Sepia-brown Wren.
Speckle-breasted Wren (Thryothorus sclateri) - Seen in Quebrada Limón (race paucimaculatus) and several times in the Marañon valley (race sclateri).
Superciliated Wren (Thryothorus superciliaris) - Common in undergrowth of deciduous forest west of the Andes.
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
Mountain Wren (Troglodytes solstitialis) (H)
Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)
White-breasted Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucosticta) (H?) - I assume this was the species I heard singing near Afluente, since it is probably below the range of the next to species.
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Bar-winged Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucoptera) - Several birds along a trail near the owlet ridge below Abra Patricia. It occurs sympatrically with the previous species. This happened to be my 3000th life bird.

Long-tailed Mockingbird (Mimus longicaudatus)

Andean Solitaire (Myadestes ralloides)
White-eared Solitaire (Entomodestes leucotis) - A nice surprise in a mixed flock near the bridge below Afluente. A real beauty.
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush (Catharus fuscater) (H)
Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
Pale-eyed Thrush (Platycichla leucops)
Chiguanco Thrush (Turdus chiguanco)
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater)
Plumbeous-backed Thrush (Turdus reevei) - A few in arid woodland in Quebrada Limón and north of Olmos.
Marañon Thrush (Turdus maranonicus) - One at Balsas and a few more in the Utcubamba valley.
Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis)

Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea) - Common in arid scrub west of the Andes (race bilineata) and in the Marañon valley (race maior). The latter race is often spit off as Marañon Gnatcatcher.

Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas) - Sometimes called Inca Jay.
White-tailed Jay (Cyanocorax mystacalis) - We saw lots of these in Quebrada Limón, but nowhere else.
White-collared Jay (Cyanolyca viridicyana) - One group in a forest patch west of Leymebamba, another group below Abra Patricia.

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

Brown-capped Vireo (Vireo leucophrys)
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
Rufous-browed Peppershrike (Cyclarhis gujanensis)

Hooded Siskin (Carduelis magellanica)
Olivaceous Siskin (Carduelis olivacea)
Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria)

Tropical Parula (Parula pitiayumi)
Masked Yellowthroat (Geothlypis aequinoctialis) - Including one at 2500 meters on the east side of the Marañon canyon above Balsas... Never seen one that high before, but maybe they are spreading because of the massive deforestation that has taken place.
Slate-throated Redstart (Myioborus miniatus)
Spectacled Redstart (Myioborus melanocephalus)
Gray-and-gold Warbler (Basileuterus fraseri) - Quebrada Limón.
Citrine Warbler (Basileuterus luteoviridis)
Black-crested Warbler (Basileuterus nigrocristatus)
Russet-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus coronatus)
Three-banded Warbler (Basileuterus trifasciatus) - A few in very disturbed scrub west of Abra Porculla.
Three-striped Warbler (Basileuterus tristriatus)

Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)

Cinereous Conebill (Conirostrum cinereum)
Capped Conebill (Conirostrum albifrons)
Magpie Tanager (Cissopis leveriana)
Grass-green Tanager (Chlorornis riefferii)
Common Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus)
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus flavigularis)
Black-capped Hemispingus (Hemispingus atropileus)
Oleaginous Hemispingus (Hemispingus frontalis)
Drab Hemispingus (Hemispingus xanthophthalmus) - We saw a few individuals of this plain endemic in mixed flocks on either side of Abra Barro Negro.
Rufous-chested Tanager (Thlypopsis ornata)
Buff-bellied Tanager (Thlypopsis inornata) - We saw this species quite frequently in the Marañon drainage in a wide variety of habitats and elevations.
Rufous-crested Tanager (Creurgops verticalis) - A surprisingly common member of mixed flocks near the owlet ridge below Abra Patricia.
White-shouldered Tanager (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava)
Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
White-winged Tanager (Piranga leucoptera)
Huallaga Tanager (Ramphocelus melanogaster) - I was the only one who saw this one as it flew across the road on the way back to the hotel, east of Aguas Verdes.
Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)
Blue-capped Tanager (Thraupis cyanocephala)
Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Thraupis bonariensis)
Hooded Mountain-Tanager (Buthraupis montana)
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus igniventris)
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus somptuosus)
Yellow-throated Tanager (Iridosornis analis) - One was foraging in a mixed flock near the owlet ridge below Abra Patricia.
Fawn-breasted Tanager (Pipraeidea melanonota)
Purple-throated Euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica)
Orange-bellied Euphonia (Euphonia xanthogaster)
Orange-eared Tanager (Chlorochrysa calliparaea)
Paradise Tanager (Tangara chilensis)
Green-and-gold Tanager (Tangara schrankii)
Golden Tanager (Tangara arthus)
Golden-eared Tanager (Tangara chrysotis)
Saffron-crowned Tanager (Tangara xanthocephala)
Flame-faced Tanager (Tangara parzudakii)
Spotted Tanager (Tangara punctata)
Bay-headed Tanager (Tangara gyrola)
Metallic-green Tanager (Tangara labradorides)
Blue-necked Tanager (Tangara cyanicollis)
Beryl-spangled Tanager (Tangara nigroviridis)
Blue-and-black Tanager (Tangara vassorii)
Silver-backed Tanager (Tangara viridicollis)
Golden-collared Honeycreeper (Iridophanes pulcherrima)
Black-faced Dacnis (Dacnis lineata)
Blue Dacnis (Dacnis cayana)

Red-crested Finch (Coryphospingus cucullatus) - Often called Red Pileated-Finch. Quite common along the roads north of Jaén in the morning.
Peruvian Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus punensis) - Many along the Río Chonta NW of Cajamarca.
Band-tailed Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus alaudinus) - A pair in the Marañon canyon west of Balsas.
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus plebejus)
Cinereous Finch (Piezorhina cinerea) - Quite common in arid woodland and scrub north of Olmos.
Gray-winged Inca-Finch (Incaspiza ortizi) - We saw a pair of this localized species near the "usual" site west of Balsas in the Marañon Canyon.
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch (Incaspiza laeta) - My favorite bird of the trip! We saw them in beautiful desert habitat on both sides of the Marañon canyon.
Little Inca-Finch (Incaspiza watkinsi) - A pair (at least) responded to a pygmy owl recording in some surprisingly undisturbed desert west of Bagua Grande.
Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch (Poospiza alticola) - We spotted one of these in a mixed flock in a forest patch along the Cajamarca-Celendin road. A good find!
Blue-black Grassquit (Volatinia jacarina)
Black-and-white Seedeater (Sporophila luctuosa) - A singing male in the desert north of Jaén. Seems like a strange place to find one based on my experience.
Parrot-billed Seedeater (Sporophila peruviana) - Large flocks roamed the arid scrub north of Olmos.
Chestnut-throated Seedeater (Sporophila telasco)
Band-tailed Seedeater (Catamenia analis)
Plain-colored Seedeater (Catamenia inornata)
Dull-colored Grassquit (Tiaris obscura)
Rusty Flowerpiercer (Diglossa sittoides)
White-sided Flowerpiercer (Diglossa albilatera)
Moustached Flowerpiercer (Diglossa mystacalis) - Another of my favorites of the trip. We saw this handsome bird a few times in forest patches west of Abra Barro Negro.
Black-throated Flowerpiercer (Diglossa brunneiventris)
Deep-blue Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis glauca)
Bluish Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis caerulescens)
Saffron Finch (Sicalis flaveola)
Rufous-naped Brush-Finch (Atlapetes rufinucha) - The new field guide renames this "Cloud-forest Brush-Finch".
Bay-crowned Brush-Finch (Atlapetes seebohmi) - One seen in very disturbed habitat west of Abra Porculla.
White-winged Brush-Finch (Atlapetes leucopterus) - Small numbers in Quebrada Limón and west of Abra Porculla. This race, dresseri, often shows very little rufous color on the crown.
White-headed Brush-Finch (Atlapetes albiceps) - Several in Quebrada Limón.
Black-capped Sparrow (Arremon abeillei) - Iain saw one while taking a rest in Quebrada Limón.
Tumbes Sparrow (Aimophila stolzmanni) - Surprisingly, just one, in arid scrub north of Olmos.
Yellow-browed Sparrow (Ammodramus aurifrons)
Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis)

Streaked Saltator (Saltator striatipectus)
Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus)
Slate-colored Grosbeak (Saltator grossus)
Black-cowled Saltator (Saltator nigriceps) - We found a pair at the Piura Chat-Tyrant site west of Abra Porculla.
Golden-billed Saltator (Saltator aurantiirostris)
Golden-bellied Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysogaster) - Usually called Southern Yellow-Grosbeak.

Peruvian Meadowlark (Sturnella bellicosa)
Scrub Blackbird (Dives warszewiczi)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)
Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)
Yellow-tailed Oriole (Icterus mesomelas)
White-edged Oriole (Icterus graceannae) - Common in the arid coastal plain.
Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela)
Russet-backed Oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons)

Marvelous Spatuletail

Marvelous Spatuletail Female
Marvelous Spatuletail, Choctamal MS Lodge

Ensifera Ensifera
Ensifera ensifera, Sword billed hummingbird

Rainbow Starfronlet

Purple Thr. Sunangel

White Bellied Woodstar


Sparkling Violetear

Spinus Sp
Spinus sp., Choctamal Ms Lodge

Coeligena Iris

Myioborus Melanocephalus
Myioborus melanocephalus, Choctamal MS lodge

Black and White seed eater
Black-and-white Seed eater, Choctamal MS Lodge

Marvelous Spatuletial - James HechtMarvelous Spatuletail, Loddigesia mirabilis

Genaroaetus Melanoleucus
Genaroeatus melanoleucus, Choctamal MS Lodge


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